Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Tours university CNRS IFCE

Neuroendocrinologie Moleculaire de la Reproduction

Acute and subacute effects of a synthetic kisspeptin analog, C6, on serum concentrations of luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, and testosterone in prepubertal bull calves.

Theriogenology. 2019 Mar 6;130:111-119. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.03.002.

Parker PA, Coffman EA, Pohler KG, Daniel JA, Aucagne V, Beltramo M, Whitlock BK.

Kisspeptin (KP) is a neuropeptide integral in regulating puberty and gonadotropin releasing hormone. Compound 6 (C6), a KP analog, is more potent in vitro, has a longer half-life, and may have greater therapeutic applications than KP. To determine the acute and subacute effects of KP and C6 on serum concentrations of luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormones (FSH), and testosterone (T), prepubertal bull calves [12.1 ± 1.1 (SD) weeks of age; 91.2 ± 10.8 kg BW] were assigned to one of three treatment groups [Saline (n = 4), KP (n = 4; 20 nmoles), or C6 (n = 4; 20 nmoles). Treatments were administered intramuscularly once daily for four consecutive days. Blood samples were collected every 15 min for 6 h immediately following treatment administration on Day 1 (acute) and Day 4 (subacute). Serum concentrations of LH, FSH, and T were determined by radioimmunoassay. For each day, effects of treatment, time, and interactions on LH and FSH concentrations and pulse parameters were analyzed using procedures for repeated measures with JMP Software (SAS Inst. Inc., Cary, NC). There was a treatment × time interaction during Day 1 (P < 0.0001) and Day 4 (P = 0.02) such that LH concentrations were greatest following administration of C6 (albeit diminished during Day 4). Number of LH pulses were least (P = 0.02) and LH nadirs were highest (P = 0.04) following administration of C6 (P = 0.02). There was no effect of treatment (P = 0.95) or treatment × time interaction (P = 0.10) on serum FSH concentrations during Day 1. During Day 4 FSH concentrations (P = 0.02) and number of FSH pulses (P = 0.02) were least following administration of C6. There was no effect of treatment (P = 0.33), time (P = 0.19) or treatment × time interaction (P = 0.44) on T concentrations. In conclusion, acute and subacute C6 increased LH concentrations and subacute C6 decreased FSH concentrations and pulse parameters. Despite suppression of FSH with subacute daily administration of C6, altered frequency and timing of treatment with KP analogs may have application to affect the onset of puberty in livestock.

Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

See also