Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRA’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal Tours university CNRS IFCE

Neuroendocrinologie Moleculaire de la Reproduction

PCB153 (2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl) differentially affects the VEGF/VEGFR system depending on photoperiod in the ovine choroid plexus.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2016 Feb;124:303-308. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.11.007. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

Couverture Ecotoxicol Environ Safe
© Ecotoxicol Environ Safe
Szczepkowska A., Lagaraine C., Robert V., Mlynarczuk J., Dufourny L., Thiery J.C., Skipor J


Ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) preferentially accumulate in the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compared with other PCBs. We previously demonstrated in ewes that an identical dose of PCB153, the most environmentally prevalent congener, resulted in a higher plasma concentration during short days (SD: 1200pg/ml) than during long days (LD: 200pg/ml). Moreover, PCB153 treatment only reduced the SD tight junction protein content in the choroid plexus (CP), which was followed by a significant increase of the PCB153 concentration in the CSF. The aim of the present study was to evaluate how PCB153 treatment affects the VEGF/VEGFR system that maintains CSF homoeostasis and CP function. To do so, we collected CPs from ovariectomised, oestradiol-replaced adult ewes maintained under artificial LD or SD and treated them per os with low doses of PCB153 (0.3mg/kg, 3 times a week for 3 weeks). Exposure to PCB153 significantly affected (P<0.05) the VEGF/VEGFR system during the SD period, provoking increases in VEGF164 mRNA and protein levels and decreases in VEGFR-1 mRNA levels and VEGFR-2 mRNA and protein levels. These results suggest that exposure to environmentally relevant dose of PCB153 affects the VEGF/VEGFR system, which is involved in the fenestration of the CP endothelium and therefore in CSF production.

Link to PubMed