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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Gilles PILATE (Research Director - HDR)

Molecular Physiology of Wood Formation Team (BOIS) - "Deciphering molecular mechanisms responsible for wood formation"


Research Officer at BioForA UMR (Integrated Biology for Forest and Tree Diversity Valuation, part of the ECOFA Department of INRAE) 

Scientific Manager of LICA (Tree Cellular Engineering Lab,

Assignment manager to the Presidence of INRAE Val de Loire Centre


  • 2019. DU Integrated Bioinformatics, Paris Diderot University
  • 2002. HDR in Life Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Orleans University
  • 1985-1987. PhD thesis, Paris VI University, Life Sciences, Plant Biology and Physiology, Experimental Ontogeny Laboratory, fellowship from the French Research Ministry
  • 1984. MS degree in Plant Biology and Physiology, Paris VI University

Professional experiences

  • November 1991-present. Research scientist at INRA, now INRAE, BioForA UMR (previously AGPF), Val de Loire Centre
  • 1989-1991. Research Associate, Conifer Biotechnology Lab, Plant Biotechnology Institute, NRCC, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • 1988. Post-doctoral position, Molecular Genetic Laboratory, Biological Science Division, NRCC, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, Summit Canadian fellowship.

Academic associations

  • 2009 : elected at the “International Academy of Wood Science”

Research area / technical skills

  • Identification of the molecular mechanisms responsible for the tension stresses present in the cell walls of tension wood fibres. Collaborations with LMGC (CNRS-Montpellier) and ECOFOG (INRAE CNRS UMR in French Guyana, ANR Blanc project ‘Stress in Trees’, PhD of Fernanda Guedes and Amra Secerovic)
  • Effects of lignin modifications of GM poplar wood on saccharification efficiency. Collaboration with VIB Ghent, BIA (INRAE Nantes), IJPB (INRAE Versailles), FARE (INRAE Reims)
  • Tension wood : lint and saccharification efficiency (FP7 EnergyPoplar EU project, ANR Blanc project ‘Stress in Trees’, regional project ‘OPeNSPeNU’)
  • Toward designing a model for secondary cell wall construction in poplar wood fibres (Clément Cuello PhD)
  • Implementation on poplar of novel genome editing techniques (PIA Genius project)

Ongoing projects

  • OPeNSPeNU “Stink and lint : poplar breeding for novel uses ”, Project of regional interest, 2017-2020, project coordinator
  • GENIUS ‘Towards precise engineering of plant genomes, ‘Investments for the Future’ project, 2011-2020
  • Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the French resources in aspen for the production of baking molds’, project from the French Ministry of Food and Agriculture, 2020
  • PRESTO ‘High throughput prediction of trees and grape vine vulnerability towards biotic and abiotic stresses’, regional project, 2020-2022

PhD student supervision

  • Clément Cuello (2017-2020) Toward designing a model for secondary cell wall construction in poplar wood fibres, Orleans University, fellowship from the French Research Ministry, co-supervision with Annabelle Déjardin
  • Amra Šećerović (2013-2016) Identification and characterization of molecular players potentially responsible for the mechanical properties of tension wood. Orleans University, fellowship from INRA and the ANR Blanc project ‘StressInTrees’), co-supervision with Annabelle Déjardin
  • Fernanda Guedes (2010-2013) Toward identifying molecules responsible for the mechanical properties of poplar tension wood. Orleans University, CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level Personnel, Brazilian Ministry of Education) fellowship.
  • Régis Fichot (2007-2010) Xylem structural and functional variability in relation to plasticity of poplar in response to drought. Orleans University, fellowship from the French Research Ministry, co-supervision with Franck Brignolas
  • Dominique Arnaud (2004-2007) Identification and characterization of the LIM protein family in poplar. Orleans University, fellowship from the Centre Region, co-supervision with Dominique Locker
  • Florian Lafarguette (1999-2003) Identification and characterization of differentially expressed genes during tension wood formation in poplar. Orleans University, fellowship from the Centre Region
  • Melinda Gatineau (1998-2002) Toward a better understanding on the absence of syringyl monomers in conifer lignins: a genetic engineering approach. Orleans University, fellowship from the Centre Region, co-supervision with Marie-Anne Lelu
  • Françoise Laurans (1994-1997) Histological definition of and molecular approach to investigate poplar/rust interactions. Orleans University, fellowship from the French Research Ministry, co-supervision with Daniel Cornu
  • Valérie Levée (1993-1996) Transformation via Agrobacterium tumefaciens of hybrid larch (Larix x leptoeuropaea) and transgenic plant regeneration. Orleans University, fellowship INRA/Centre Region, co-supervision with Daniel Cornu and Marie-Anne Lelu


Articles & book chapters

  • Cuello C, Marchand P, Laurans F, Grand-Perret C, Lainé-Prade V, Pilate G, Déjardin A, 2020. ATR-FTIR Microspectroscopy Brings a Novel Insight Into the Study of Cell Wall Chemistry at the Cellular Level. Front Plant Sci, 11:105. DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2020.00105
  • Strauss SH, Boerjan W, Chiang V, Costanza A, Coleman H, Davis JM, Lu M-Z, Mansfield SD, Merkle S, Myburg A, Nilsson O, Pilate G, Powell W, Seguin A, Valenzuela S, 2019. Certification for gene-edited forests. Science, 365: 767-768. DOI: 10.1126/science.aay6165
  • SriBala G, Toraman HE, Symoens S, Déjardin A, Pilate G, Boerjan W, Ronsse F, van Geem KM, Marin GB, 2019. Analytical Py-GC/MS of genetically modified poplar for the increased production of bio-aromatics, Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal 17:599–610
  • Alméras T, Ghislain B, Clair B, Secerovic A, Pilate G, Fournier M, 2018. Quantifying the motor power of trees. Trees, 2:689-702. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-018-1662-7
  • Toraman HE, Abrahamsson V, Vanholme R, Van Acker R, Ronsse F, Pilate G, Boerjan W, van Geem KM, Marin GB, 2018. Application of Py-GC/MS coupled with PARAFAC2 and PLS-DA to study fast pyrolysis of genetically engineered poplars. J Analyt Appl Pyrolysis, 129:101-111. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2017.11.022
  • Özparpucua M, Gierlinger N, Burgert I, Van Acker R, Vanholme R, Boerjan W, Pilate G, Déjardin A, Rüggeberg M, 2018. The effect of altered lignin composition on mechanical properties of CINNAMYL ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE (CAD) deficient poplars. Planta, 247:887-897
  • Nagle M, Déjardin A, Pilate G, Strauss SH, 2018. Opportunities for Innovation in Genetic Transformation of Forest Trees. Front Plant Sci, 9:1443. DOI:
  • Clair B, Déjardin A, Pilate G, Alméras T, 2018. Is the G-Layer a Tertiary Cell Wall? Front. Plant Sci. 9:623. DOI:
  • van Acker R, Déjardin A, Desmet S, Lennart Hoengenaert L, Vanholme R, Morreel K, Laurans F, Kim H, Santoro N, Foster C, Goeminne G, Légée F, Lapierre C, Pilate G, Ralph J, Boerjan W, 2017. Different metabolic routes for coniferaldehyde and sinapaldehyde in CAD1-deficient poplar. Plant Physiol. 175:1018-1039. DOI: 10.1104/pp.17.00834 
  • Guedes FTP, Laurans F, Quemener B, Assor C, Laine-Prade V, Boizot N, Vigouroux J, Lesage Descauses MC, Leplé JC, Déjardin A, Pilate G, 2017. Non-cellulosic polysaccharide distribution during G-layer formation in poplar tension wood fibers: abundance of rhamnogalacturonan I and arabinogalactan proteins but no evidence of xyloglucan. Planta, 246:857–878. DOI: 10.1007/s00425-017-2737-1
  • Custers R, Bartsch D, Fladung M, Nilsson O, Pilate G, Sweet J, Boerjan W; 2016. EU Regulations Impede Market Introduction of GM Forest Trees. Trends in Plant Science, 21:283 - 285. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2016.01.015
  • Pilate G, Allona I, Boerjan W, Déjardin A, Fladung M, Gallardo Alba F, Häggman H, Jansson S, van Acker R, and Halpin C, 2016. Lessons from 25 years of GM tree field trials in Europe and prospects for the future. In: Vettori C, Gallardo F, Häggman H, Kazana V, Migliacci F, Pilate G, Fladung M (eds), Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Biosafety of Forest Transgenic Trees. Forestry Sciences 82:67-100. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7531-1
  • Vettori C, Gallardo F, Häggman H, Kazana V, Migliacci F, Pilate G, Fladung M, 2016. Biosafety of Forest Transgenic Trees. Improving the Scientific Basis for Safe Tree Development and Implementation of EU Policy Directives. Forestry Sciences, 82. Dordrecht, NLD : Editions Springer, 337 p. DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-7531-1
  • Plomion C, Bastien C, Bogeat-Triboulot M-B, Bouffier L, Déjardin A, Duplessis S, Fady B, Heuertz M, Le Gac A-L, Le Provost G, Legué V, Lelu-Walter M-A, Leplé J-C, Maury S, Morel A, Oddou-Muratorio S, Pilate G, Sanchez L, Scotti I, Scotti-Saintagne C, Segura V, Trontin J-F, Vacher C, 2015. Forest tree genomics: 10 achievements from the past 10 years and future prospects, Annals of Forest Science, , 73:77-103. DOI: 10.1007/s13595-015-0488-3.
  • van Acker R, Leplé J-C, Aerts D, Storme V, Goeminne G, Ivens B, Legée F, Lapierre C, Piens K, Van Montagu MCE, Santoro N, Foster CE, Ralph J, Soetaert W, Pilate G, Boerjan W, 2014. Improved saccharification and ethanol yield from field-grown transgenic poplar deficient in cinnamoyl-CoA reductase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111:845-850. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1321673111
  • Séguin A, Lachance D, Déjardin A, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, 2014. Scientific research related to genetically modified trees. In: Challenges and opportunities for the world’s forests in the 21st century, Forestry Sciences 81. Fenning T ed, Springer Academic Publishers, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7076-8, 525-548
  • Vettori C, Pilate G, Häggman H, Gallardo F, Ionita L, Ruohonen-Lehto M, Glandorf B, Harfouche A, Biricolti S, Paffetti D, Kazana V, Sijacic-Nikolic M, Tsourgiannis L, Migliacci F, Donnarumma F, Minol K, Fladung M, 2014. COST Action FP0905: Biosafety of Forest Transgenic Trees. Chapter 4. In: Tree Biotechnology (p112-124). Ramawat KG, Mérillon J-M, Ahuja RD eds, CRC Press Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA.
  • Hjältén J, Axelsson EP, Julkunen-Tiitto R, Wennström A, Pilate G, 2013. Innate and introduced resistance traits in genetically modified aspen trees and their effect on leaf beetle feeding. Plos One, 8(9): e73819. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073819
  • Danielsen L, Lohaus G, Sirrenberg A, Karlovsky P, Bastien C, Pilate G, Polle A, 2013. Ectomycorrhizal colonization and diversity in relation to tree biomass and nutrition in a plantation of transgenic poplars with modified lignin biosynthesis. Plos One, 8(3), e59207. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0059207
  • Perré P, Dinh AT, Assor C, Frank X, Pilate G, 2013. Stiffness of normal, opposite, and tension poplar wood determined using micro-samples in the three material directions. Wood Science and Technology, 47:481-498. DOI: 10.1007/s00226-012-0511-x
  • Yoshinaga A, Kusumoto H, Laurans F, Pilate G, Takabe K, 2012. Lignification in poplar tension wood lignified cell wall layers. Tree Physiology, 32:1129-1136. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tps075
  • Hjältén J, Axelsson P E, Whitham TG, LeRoy CJ, Julkunen-Tiitto R, Wennström A, Pilate G, 2012. Increased resistance of Bt aspens to Phratora vitellinae (Coleoptera) leads to increased plant growth under experimental conditions. Plos One, 7(1): e30640. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0030640
  • Awad HM, Herbette S, Brunel N, Tixier A, Pilate G, Cochard H, Badel E, 2012. No trade-off between hydraulic and mechanical properties in several transgenic poplars modified for lignins metabolism. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 77: 185-195. DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2011.11.023
  • Arnaud D, Déjardin A, Leplé J-C, Lesage Descauses M-C, Boizot N, Villar M, Bénédetti H, Pilate G, 2012. Expression analysis of LIM gene family in poplar, toward an updated phylogenetic classification. BMC Research Notes, 5:102. DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-102
  • Danielsen L, Thürmer A, Meinicke P, Buee M, Morin E, Martin F, Pilate G, Daniel R, Polle A, Reich M, 2012. Fungal soil communities in a young transgenic poplar plantation form a rich reservoir for fungal root communities. Ecology and evolution, 2:1935-1948. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.305
  • Gorshkova T, Brutch N, Chabbert B, Deyholos M, Hayashi T, Lev-Yadun S, Mellerowicz EJ, Morvan C, Neutelings G, Pilate G, 2012. Plant fiber formation: state of the art, recent and expected progress, and open questions. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 31-201-228. DOI : 10.1080/07352689.2011.616096
  • Pilate G, Déjardin A, Leplé, J-C, 2012. Field Trials with Lignin-Modified Transgenic Trees. Chapter 1. In: Jean-Pierre Jacquot, Pierre Gadal, dir, Lise Jouanin, Catherine Lapierre, Lignins - Biosynthesis, Biodegradation and Bioengineering (p. 1-36). Advances in Botanical Research, 61. Londres, GBR : Academic Press - Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-416023-1.00001-X
  • Clair B, Alméras T, Pilate G, Jullien D, Sugiyama J, Riekel C, 2011. Maturation stress generation in poplar tension wood studied by synchrotron radiation microdiffraction. Plant Physiology, 155:562-570. DOI: 10.1104/pp.110.167270
  • Axelsson PE, Hjältén J, Whitham TG, Julkunen-Tiitto R, Pilate G, Wennström A, 2011. Leaf ontogeny interacts with Bt modification to affect innate resistance in GM aspens. Chemoecology, 21:161-169. DOI: 10.1007/s00049-011-0080-8
  • Charon C, Vivancos J, Mazubert C, Paquet N, Pilate G, Dron M, 2010. Structure and vascular tissue expression of duplicated TERMINAL EAR1-like paralogues in poplar. Planta, 231:525-535. DOI: 10.1007/s00425-009-1066-4 ; 
  • Axelsson PE, Hjältén J, LeRoy CJ, Julkunen-Tiitto R, Wennström A, Pilate G, 2010. Can Leaf Litter from Genetically Modified Trees Affect Aquatic Ecosystems?. Ecosystems, 13:1049-1059. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9373-y
  • Déjardin A, Laurans F, Arnaud D, Breton C, Pilate G, Leplé J-C, 2010. Wood formation in Angiosperms. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 333:325-334. DOI: 10.1016/j.crvi.2010.01.010
  • Meilan R, Huang Z, Pilate G, 2010. Biotechnology techniques. In: FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, dir., Forests and genetically modified trees (p. 18-34). Rome, ITA : FAO
  • Busov VB, Strauss SH, Pilate G, 2010. Transformation as a Tool for Genetic Analysis in Populus. In: Stefan Jansson, Rishikesh P. Bhalerao, Andrew T. Groover, dir., Genetics and Genomics of Populus (p. 113-133). Plant Genetics and Genomics: Crops and Models, 8. New York, USA : Springer. DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4419-1541-2_6
  • Fichot R, Laurans F, Monclus R, Moreau A, Pilate G, Brignolas F, 2009. Xylem anatomy correlates with gas exchange, water-use efficiency and growth performance under contrasting water regimes: evidence from Populus deltoides x Populus nigra hybrids. Tree Physiology, 29:1537-1549. DOI: 10.1093/treephys/tpp087
  • Decou R, Lhernould S, Laurans F, Sulpice E, Leplé JC, Déjardin A, Pilate G, Costa G, 2009. Cloning and expression analysis of a wood-associated xylosidase gene (ptaBXL1) in poplar tension wood. Phytochemistry, 70 (2), 163-172. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.12.019
  • Pilate G, 2008. Le bois. In: Francis Hallé, dir., Aux origines des plantes. Des plantes anciennes à la botanique du XXIe siècle (p. 254-267). Paris, FRA : Fayard
  • Arnaud D, Déjardin A, Leplé JC, Lesage Descauses MC, Pilate G, 2007. Genome-wide analysis of LIM gene family in Populus trichocarpa, Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. DNA Research, 14 (3), 1-14. DOI: 10.1093/dnares/dsm013 
  • Yoshinaga A, Wada M, Fujita M, Chabbert B, Pilate G, 2007. Modified lignification in the cell walls of cad depressed poplars. IAWA Journal, 28:457-471.
  • Hopkins DW, Webster EA, Boerjan W, Pilate G, Halpin C, 2007. Genetically modified lignin below ground. Nature Biotechnology, 25:168-169. DOI: 10.1038/nbt0207-169
  • Leplé JC, Dauwe R, Morreel K, Storme V, Lapierre C, Pollet B, Naumann A, Kang KY, Kim H, Ruel K, Lefèbvre A, Joseleau JP, Grima-Pettenati J, De Rycke R, Andersson-Gunneras S, Erban A, Fehrle I, Petit-Conil M, Kopka J, Polle A, Messens E, Sundberg B, Mansfield SD, Ralph J, Pilate G, Boerjan W, 2007. Downregulation of cinnamoyl-coenzyme A reductase in poplar: multiple-level phenotyping reveals effects on cell wall polymer metabolism and structure. The Plant Cell, 19:3669-3691. DOI: 10.1105/tpc.107.054148
  • Tuskan G, DiFazio S, Bohlmann J, Grigoriev I, Hellsten U, Jansson S, Putnam N, Ralph S, Rombauts S, Salamov A, Schein J, Sterck L, Aerts A, Bhalerao RR, Bhalerao RP, Blaudez D, Boerjan W, Brun A, Brunner A, Busov V, Campbell M, Carlson J, Chalot M, Chapman J, Chen G-L, Cooper D, Coutinho P, Couturier J, Covert S, Cronk Q, Cunningham R, Davis J, Degroeve S, Déjardin A, de Pamphilis C, Detter J, Dirks B, Dubchak I, Duplessis S, Ehlting J, Ellis B, Gendler K, Goodstein D, Gribskov M, Grimwood J, Groover A, Gunter L, Hamberger B, Heinze B, Helariutta Y, Henrissat B, Holligan D, Holt R, Huang W, Islam-Faridi N, Jones S, Jones-Rhoades M, Jorgensen R, Joshi C, Kangasjärvi J, Karlsson J, Kelleher C, Kirkpatrick R, Kirst M, Kohler A, Kalluri U, Larimer F, Leebens-Mack J, Leplé J-C, Locascio P, Luo Y, Lucas S, Martin F, Montanini B, Napoli C, Nelson D-R, Nelson C, Nieminen K, Nilsson O, Peter G, Philippe R, Pilate G, Poliakov A, Razumovskaya J, Richardson P, Rinaldi C, Ritland K, Rouzé P, Ryaboy D, Schmutz J, Schrader J, Segerman B, Shin H, Siddiqui A, Sterky F, Terry A, Tsai C, Uberbacher E, Unneberg P, Vahala J, Wall K, Wessler S, Yang G, Yin T, Douglas C, Sandberg G, Van de Peer Y, Rokhsar D, 2006. The genome of black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa (Torr. & Gray ex Brayshaw), Science, 313:1596-1604. DOI: 10.1126/science.1128691
  • Laurans F, Déjardin A, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, 2006. Physiologie de la formation des parois de fibres de bois. Revue des Composites et des Matériaux Avancés, 16:25-40
  • Déjardin A, Leplé J-C, Lesage-Descauses M-C, Costa G, Pilate G, 2004. Expressed sequence tags from poplar wood tissues – a comparative analysis from multiple libraries, Plant Biol., 6:55-64. DOI: 10.1055/s-2003-44744
  • Lapierre C, Pilate G, Pollet B, Mila I, Leplé J-C, Jouanin L, Kim H, Ralph J, 2004. Signatures of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase deficiency in poplar lignins, Phytochemistry, 65:313-321. DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2003.11.007
  • Lafarguette F, Leplé J-C, Déjardin A, Laurans F, Costa G, Lesage-Descauses M-C, Pilate G, 2004. Poplar genes encoding fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins are highly expressed in tension wood. New Phytol., 164:107-121. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01175.x
  • Pilate G, Déjardin A, Laurans F, Leplé J-C, 2004. Tension wood as a model for functional genomics of wood formation. New Phytologist, 164:63-72. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01176.x
  • Pilate G, Chabbert B, Cathala B, Yoshinoga A, Leplé, J-C, Laurans F, Lapierre C, Ruel K, 2004. Lignification and tension wood. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 327:889-901. DOI: 10.1016/j.crvi.2004.07.006
  • Meilan R, Ellis D, Pilate G, Brunner A, Skinner J, 2004. Accomplishments and challenges in genetic engineering of forest trees. In: Steven H. Strauss, Toby H.D. Bradshaw, The Bioengineered Forest: Challenges for Science and Society (p. 36-51). Washington, USA : RFF Press
  • Jouanin L, Goujon T, Sibout R, Pollet B, Mila I, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Petit-Conil M, Ralph J, Lapierre C, 2004. Comparison of the consequences on lignin content and structure of COMT and CAD downregulation in poplar and Arabidopsis thaliana. In: Christian Walter, Mike Carson, Plantation Forest Biotechnology for the 21st Century (p. 219-229). Trivandrum, IND : Research Signpost
  • Meilan R, Campbell M, Chang S, Hibino T, Nilsson O, Pilate G, 2004. Tissue Culture & Transformation. In The Populus genome science plan 2004-2009: from draft sequence to a catalogue of all genes through the advancement of genomics tools, 24-32 (
  • Hawkins S, Leplé J-C, Cornu D, Jouanin L, Pilate G, 2003. Stability of transgene expression in poplar: a model forest tree species. Ann. For. Sci., 60:427-438
  • Génissel A, Leplé J-C, Millet N, Augustin S, Jouanin L, Pilate G, 2003. High tolerance against Chrysomela tremulae of transgenic poplar plants expressing a synthetic cry3A gene from Bacillus thuringiensis ssp tenebrionis. Mol. Breed., 11:103-110. DOI: 10.1023/A:1022453220496
  • Génissel A, Augustin S, Courtin C, Pilate G, Lorme P, Bourguet D, 2003. High level of resistance to Bt plants in the absence of man-made changes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 270:791-797. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2002.2317
  • Noël N, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, 2002. Optimization of in vitro micropropagation and regeneration for Populus x interamericana and Populus x euramericana hybrids (P. deltoides, P. trichocarpa, and P. nigra). Plant Cell Rep., 20:1150-1155
  • Sibout R, Baucher M, Gatineau M, van Doorsselaere J, Mila I, Pollet B, Maba B, Pilate G, Lapierre C, Boerjan W, Jouanin L, 2002. Expression of a poplar cDNA encoding a ferulate-5-hydroxylase increases S lignin deposition in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiol. Biochem, 40:1087-1096. DOI: 10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01474-2
  • Kim H, Ralph J, Lu F, Pilate G, Leple J-C, Pollet B, Lapierre C, 2002. Identification of the structure and origin of thioacidolysis marker compounds for cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase deficiency in angiosperms. J. Biol. Chem., 277:47412-47419. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M208860200
  • Pilate G, Guiney E, Holt K, Petit-Conil M, Lapierre C, Leplé J-C, Pollet B, Mila I, Webster EA, Marstorp HG, Hopkins DW, Jouanin L, Boerjan W, Schuch W, Cornu D, Halpin C, 2002. Field and pulping performances of transgenic trees with altered lignification. Nature Biotechnology, 20:607-612. DOI: 10.1038/nbt0602-607
  • Meilan R, Han K-H, Ma C, DiFazio SP, Eaton JA, Hoien EA, Stanton BJ, Crockett RP, Taylor ML, James RR, Skinner JS, Jouanin L, Pilate G, Strauss SH, 2002. The CP4 transgene provides high levels of tolerance to Roundup® herbicide in field-grown hybrid poplars. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 32:967-976. DOI: 10.1139/X02-015
  • Pilate G, Pâques M, Leplé J-C, Plomion C, 2002. Les biotechnologies chez les arbres forestiers. Revue Forestière Française, 54:161-180
  • Hawkins S, Pilate G, Duverger E, Boudet A-M, Grima-Pettenati J, 2002. The use of GUS histochemistry to visualise lignification gene expression in situ during wood formation. In Wood formation in trees, Cell and molecular biology techniques, ed: N. Chaffey, London, New York, Taylor & Francis, 271-295
  • Akim LG, Argyropoulos DS, Jouanin L, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Pollet B, Lapierre C, 2001. Quantitative 31P NMR spectroscopy of lignins from transgenic poplars. Holzforschung, 55:386-390. DOI: 10.1515/HF.2001.064
  • Ralph J, Lapierre C, Lu F, Marita JM, Pilate G, van Doorsselaere J, Boerjan W, Jouanin L, 2001. NMR Evidence for benzodioxane structures resulting from incorporation of 5-hydroxyconiferyl alcohol into lignins of 0-methyltransferase-deficient poplars. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49 (1), 86-91. DOI 10.1021/jf001042
  • Ralph J, Lapierre C, Marita JM, Kim H, Lu F, Hatfield RD, Ralph S, Chapple C, Franke R, Hemm MR, van Doorsselaere J, Sederoff RR, O’Malley DM, Scott JT, MacKay JJ, Yahiaoui N, Boudet AM, Pean M, Pilate G, Jouanin L, Boerjan W, 2001. Elucidation of new structures in lignins of CAD- and COMT-deficient plants by NMR. Phytochemistry, 57:993-1003
  • Rottmann WH, Meilan R, Sheppard LA, Brunner AM, Skinner JS, Ma C, Cheng S, Jouanin L, Pilate G, Strauss SH, 2000. Diverse effects of overexpression of LEAFY and PTLF, the poplar homolog of LEAFY/FLORICAULA, in transgenic poplar (Populus trichocarpa) and Arabidopsis, Plant Journal, 22:235-245
  • Lapierre C, Pollet B, Petit-Conil M, Pilate G, Leplé J-C, Boerjan W, Jouanin L, 2000. Genetic engineering of poplar lignins : impact of lignin alteration on kraft pulping performances. In Lignin: historical, biological and materials perspectives, ACS Symposium Series 742, eds : W.G. Glasser, R.A.Northey, Schultz T.P., 145-160
  • Lelu M-A, Pilate G, 2000. Transgenic in Larix. In: S.M. Jain , S.C. Minocha , Molecular Biology of Woody Plants (p. 119-134). Forestry Sciences, 66. NLD : Kluwer Academic Publishers
  • Laurans F, Pilate G, 1999. Histological aspects of a hypersensitive response in Poplar to Melampsora larici-populina. Phytopathology, 89:233-238. DOI: 10.1094/PHYTO.1999.89.3.233
  • Lapierre C, Pollet B, Petit-Conil M, Toval G, Romero J, Pilate G, Leplé J-C, Boerjan, W, Ferret V, de Nadaï V, Jouanin L, 1999. Structural alterations of lignins in transgenic poplars with depressed cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase or caffeic acid O-Methyltransferase activity have an opposite impact on the efficiency of industrial kraft pulping. Plant Physiology, 119:153-163
  • Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Jouanin L, 1999. Transgenic Poplar Trees (Populus Species). In: Y.P.S. Bajaj, Transgenic Trees (p. 221-244). Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, 44. Berlin, DEU: Springer Verlag
  • Pilate G, Leplé J-C, Cornu D, Lelu M-A, 1999. Transgenic Larch (Larix Species). In: Y.P.S. Bajaj , Transgenic Trees (p. 125-141). Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry, 44. Berlin, DEU : Springer Verlag
  • Baucher M, Christensen JH, Meyermans H, Chen C, van Doorsselaere J, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Petit-Conil M, Jouanin L, Chabbert B, Monties B, van Montagu M, Boerjan W, 1998. Applications of molecular genetics for biosynthesis of novel lignins. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 59:47-52
  • Levée V, Lelu MA, Jouanin L, Cornu D, Pilate G, 1997. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of hybrid larch (Larix kaempferi x L. decidua) and transgenic plant regeneration. Plant Cell Reports, 16:680-685
  • Jouanin L, Pilate G, 1997. Gene expression studies. In: Micropropagation, genetic engineering, and molecular biology of Populus (p. 65-69). USA : USDA Forest Service 
  • Pilate G, Ellis D, Hawkins S, 1997. Transgene expression in field-grown poplar. In: Micropropagation, genetic engineering, and molecular biology of Populus (p. 84-89). USA : USDA Forest Service 
  • Boerjan W, Baucher M, Chabbert B, Petit-Conil M, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Cornu D, Monties B, Inzé D, van Doorsselaere J, Jouanin L, van Montagu M, Tsai CJ, Podila GK, Joshi CP, Chiang VL, 1997. Genetic modification of lignin biosynthesis in quaking aspen and poplar. In: Micropropagation, genetic engineering, and molecular biology of Populus (p. 193-205). USA : USDA
  • Baucher M, Chabbert B, Pilate G, van Doorsselaere J, Tollier MT, Petit-Conil M, Cornu D, Monties B, van Montagu M, Inzé D, Jouanin L, Boerjan W, 1996. Red xylem and higher lignin extractability by down-regulating a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase in poplar. Plant Physiology, 112:1479-1490
  • Boerjan W, Meyermans H, Chen C, Leplé J-C, Christensen JH, van Doorsselaere J, Baucher M, Petit-Conil M, Chabbert B, Tollier M-T, Monties B, Pilate G, Cornu D, Inzé D, Jouanin L, van Montagu M, 1996. Genetic engineering of lignin biosynthesis in poplar. In Somatic Cell Genetics and Molecular Genetics of Trees, (Forestry Sciences, Vol. 49). Eds: M.R. Ahuja, W. Boerjan, and D.B. Neale, Dordrecht, Kluwer Acad. Publish., 81-88
  • Cornu D, Leplé J-C, Bonadé-Bottino M, Ross A, Augustin S, Delplanque A, Jouanin L, Pilate G, 1996. Expression of a proteinase inhibitor and Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxin in transgenic poplars. In Somatic Cell Genetics and Molecular Genetics of Trees, (Forestry Sciences, Vol. 49), M.R. Ahuja, W. Boerjan, and D.B. Neale : Eds, Dordrecht, Kluwer Acad. Publish., 131-136
  • Baucher M, Chabbert B, van Doorsselaere J, Pilate G, Cornu D, Petit-Conil M, Monties B, van Montagu M, Inzé D, Jouanin L, Boerjan W, 1996. Higher extractibility of lignin in poplar (Populus tremula x P. alba) by reducing cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase activity.  In Somatic Cell Genetics and Molecular Genetics of Trees, (Forestry Sciences, Vol. 49), M.R. Ahuja, W. Boerjan, and D.B. Neale : Eds, Dordrecht, Kluwer Acad. Publish., 153-158
  • Chabbert B, Tollier M-T, Monties B, Pilate G, Chognot E, Jouanin L, Baucher M, van Doorsselaere J, Boerjan W, Petit-Conil M, 1996. Manipulation of lignin quality in transgenic poplar trees. In: E. Srebotnik , K. Messner, Biotechnology in the pulp and paper industry. Recent advances in applied and fundamental research (p. 319-322). AUT : Facultas-Universitätsverlag
  • Ponsonnet C, Normand P, Pilate G, Nesme X, 1995. IS292: a novel insertion element from Agrobacterium. Microbiology SGM, 141:853-861
  • Feuillet C, Lauvergeat V, Deswarte C, Pilate G, Boudet A, Grima-Pettenati J, 1995. Tissue- and cell-specific expression of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase promoter in transgenic poplar plants. Plant Molecular Biology, 27:651-667
  • Leplé J-C, Bonadé-Bottino M, Augustin S, Pilate G, Dumanois Lê Tân V, Delplanque A, Cornu D, Jouanin L, 1995. Toxicity to Chrysomela tremulae (Coleoptera Chrysomelidae) of transgenic poplars expressing a cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Molecular Breeding, 1:319-328
  • van Doorsselaere J, Baucher M, Chognot E, Chabbert B, Tollier M-T, Petit-Conil M, Leplé J-C, Pilate G, Cornu D, Monties B, van Montagu M, Inzé D, Boerjan W, Jouanin L, 1995. A novel lignin in poplar trees with a reduced caffeic acid/5-hydroxyferulic acid O-methyltransferase activity. Plant Journal, 8:855-864
  • von Schwartzenberg K, Doumas P, Jouanin L, Pilate G, 1994. Enhancement of the endogenous cytokinin concentration in poplar by transformation with Agrobacterium T-DNA gene ipt. Tree Physiology, 14:27-35
  • Dong JZ, Pilate G, Abrams SR, Dunstan DI, 1994. Induction of a wheat Em promoter by ABA and optically pure ABA analogs in white spruce (Picea glauca) protoplasts. Physiologia Plantarum, 90:513-521  
  • Datla RSS, Bekkaoui F, Hammerlindl JK, Pilate G, Dunstan DI, Crosby WL, 1993. Improved high-level constitutive foreign gene expression in plants using an AMV RNA4 untranslated leader sequence. Plant Science, 94:139-149
  • Jouanin L, Brasileiro ACM, Leplé, J-C, Pilate G, Cornu D, 1993. Genetic transformation : A short review of methods and their applications, results and perspectives for forest trees. Annales des Sciences Forestières, 50:325-336
  • Pilate G, Sotta B, Maldiney R, Bonnet-Masimbert M, Miginiac E, 1990. Endogenous hormones in Douglas fir trees induced to flower by gibberellin A4/7 treatment. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 28:359-366
  • Good AG, Bekkaoui F,  Pilate G,  Dunstan DI, Crosby WL, 1990. Anaerobic induction in conifers : expression of endogenous and chimeric anaerobically-induced genes. Physiologia Plantarum, 78:441-446
  • Pilate G, Sossountzov L, Miginiac E, 1989. Hormone levels and apical dominance in the aquatic fern Marsilea drummondii A. Br. Plant Physiology, 90:907-912
  • Pilate G,  Sotta B,  Maldiney R,  Jacques M,  Sossountzov L, Miginiac E, 1989. Abscisic acid, indole-3-acetic acid and cytokinin changes in buds of Pseudotsuga menziesii during bud quiescence release. Plant Physiology, 76:100-106
  • Sotta B,  Pilate G,  Pelése F,  Sabbagh I,  Bonnet M, Maldiney R, 1987. An avidin-biotin solid phase ELISA for femtomole isopentenyladenine and isopentenyladenosine measurements in HPLC purified plant extracts. Plant Physiology, 84:571-573
  • Maldiney R,  Pelése F,  Pilate G,  Sotta B,  Sossountzov L, Miginiac E, 1986. Endogenous levels of abscisic acid, indole-3-acetic acid, zeatin and zeatin-riboside during the course of adventitious root formation in cuttings of Craigella  and Craigella lateral suppressor tomatoes. Physiologia Plantarum, 68:426-430
  • Bekkaoui F, Maldiney R,  Pilate G,  Boulay M, Franclet A, 1986. Dégénérescence clonale du douglas (Pseudotsuga menziesii) cultivé in vitro : relations avec la teneur en éléments minéraux, en auxine, zéatine et zéatine-riboside. Comptes-Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris Série III, 303:13-17