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INRA
24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Françoise LAURANS (Research Engineer)

Françoise LAURANS
Molecular Physiology of Wood Formation Team (BOIS) - Histology, Cytology and Anatomy of Wood

francoise.laurans@inrae.fr

Position

  • Research Engineer
  • Co-leader of the research team « Molecular Physiology of Wood Formation »
  • Manager of BioForA Histo-cytology Laboratory
  • Manager of LICA imaging technical pole

Education

Ph.D in Plant Science at Orléans University (France), defended on January 21, 1997.

Speciality: Plant Biology and Physiology

Subject: Histological definition and molecular approach of poplar-rust interactions (Populus deltoides x P. Nigra cv. "OGY"/Melampsora larici-populina races E1 and E2). Spatial and temporal study of the expression of plant defence genes during the interaction.

Work carried out at the Station d'Amélioration des Arbres Forestiers, INRA, Orléans (France).

Post graduate degree in Forest Biology (University of Nancy I, France)

Speciality: Tree physiology: cellular and molecular approaches

Subject: Development of a transient expression system based on protoplast electroporation and biolistic, in hybrid poplar (Populus tremula x P. Alba) and larch (Larix x leptoeuropaea).

Professional experiences

Sept. 2000 - Fév.2002

Research Engineer. Aventis CropScience.
Dargoire Research Centre. Fungicide Biology Department. Lyon 9° (France).
Coordination of research work on mycotoxin-producing fusarium head blight

Oct.1998 - Août 2000

Teaching and Research Assistant,  Claude Bernard-Lyon I University ( France)  
Department of Biology
Researcher at the Laboratory of Microbial Ecology (UMR CNRS 5557) of Claude Bernard-Lyon I University (France)

Janv.1998 - Juin 1997

Post-Doctoral Experience. Station d'Amélioration des Arbres Forestiers, INRA,
Orléans (France).
Genetic mapping in poplar. Use of genetic markers to identified Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) and development of markers applicable for Marked Assisted Selection (MAS).

Fév.1997 - Sep.1997

Post-Doctoral Position, Laurentian Forestry Centre (LFC), Biotechnology laboratory
Canadian Forest Service, Québec, QC (Canada).
Expression study of genes induced by biotic stresses and involved in the defense response of forest trees to pathogen attacks.

Research topics / Skills and expertise

Research topics :

  • Identification of molecular mechanisms involved in wood formation.Identification of molecular mechanisms at the origin of tension stress in the cell walls of wood fibres.
  • Characterization of secondary cell wall composition of poplar wood fibres by multi-scale and multimodal imaging.
  • Identification of gene networks involved in the complex biological process of wood formation, using micro-genomic approaches (laser microdissection, single cell sequencing).
  • Phenotypic characterization of genetically-modified poplars at the cellular level
  • Applicability of new genome-editing techniques to poplar genetic engineering

Skills and expertise : 

  • Sample preparation for microscopy: Microtomy, Cryotomy, Ultramicrotomy
  • In-situ localization : Immunolocalization, in situ hybridization, laser microdissection
  • Photonic, confocal, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, ATR-FTIR microspectroscopy

Supervision

  • Since October 2017 Co-supervision of Clément Cuello (PhD Student) "Toward designing a model for secondary cell wall construction in poplar wood fibres ".  Methodological support for ATR-FTIR, immunolocalization, laser microdissection and cell culture system.
  • Co-supervision of a Master II student, Paul Marchand 2017 "Characterization of poplar wood at the plant cell scale by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy". SC-Ecobiovalo, University of Normandie (France).
  • Co-supervision of 3 PhD students. Training for histological and in situ localization techniques, supervision for analysis and result interpretations:
  • Fernanda Guedes, 2010-2013 Orléans University. Toward identifying molecules responsible for the mechanical properties of poplar tension wood.
  • Amra Šećerović, 2013-2016 Orléans University. Identification and characterization of molecular players potentially responsible for the mechanical properties of tension wood.
  • France Dardeau, 2010-2013 Orléans University. Modulation of poplar manipulation by the woolly aphid, Phloeomyzus passerinii (Sign.), via host resistance and environment

Publications

Cuello, C ; Marchand, P ; Laurans, F ; Grand-Perret, C ; Lainé-Prade, V ; Pilate, G and Déjardin, A. (2020) ATR-FTIR microspectroscopy brings a novel insight into the study of cell wall chemistry at the cellular level. Front. Plant Sci., 21 February 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00105

Montiel, G.; Gaudet, M.; Laurans, F.; Rozenberg, P.; Simon, M.; Gantet, P.; Jay-Allemand, C.; Breton, C. (2020) Overexpression of MADS-box Gene AGAMOUS-LIKE 12 Activates Root Development in Juglans sp. and Arabidopsis thaliana . Plants, 9, 444.

https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9040444

Guiguet, A., Ohshima, I., Takeda, S., Laurans, F., Lopez Vaamonde, C., Giron, D. (2019). Origin of gall-inducing from leaf-mining in Caloptilia micromoths (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). Scientific Reports, 9. , DOI : 10.1038/s41598-019-43213-7
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/474751

Guedes F T P, Laurans F, Quemener B, Assor C, Laine-Prade V, Boizot N, Vigouroux J, Lesage-Descauses M-C, Leplé J-C, Déjardin A, Pilate G. (2017). Non-cellulosic polysaccharide distribution during G-layer formation in poplar tension wood fibers: abundance of rhamnogalacturonan I and arabinogalactan proteins but no evidence of xyloglucan. Planta, 246(5): 857-878 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00425-017-2737-1

Van Acker R, Dejardin A, Desmet S, Vanholme R, Morreel K, Laurans F, Kim H, Santoro N, Foster C, Goeminne G, Légée F, Catherine Lapierre, Pilate G, Ralph J,  Boerjan W. (2017). Different routes of Conifer- and synapaldehyde and higher saccharification upon deficiency in the dehydrogenase CAD1. Plant Physiol, 175(3): 1018-1039 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.17.00834

Baldacci-Cresp, Moussawi J, Leplé JC; Van Acker R, Kohler A, Candiracci J, Twyffels L, Spokevicius A, Bossinger G, Laurans F, Brunel N, Vermeersch M, Boerjan W, El Jaziri M, Baucher M. (2015). PtaRHE1, a (Populus tremula x P. alba) RING-H2 protein of the ATL family, has a regulatory role in secondary phloem development. Plant Journal. 82(6):978-990 https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12867

Guet J, Fichot R, Lédée C, Laurans F, Cochard H, Delzon S, Bastien C, Brignolas F. (2015). Xylem resistance to cavitation is related to xylem structure but noy growth and water-use efficiency at the within population level in populus nigra L. Journal Experimental Botany, 66(15): 4643-4652.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erv232

Abedini R, Clair B, Poutahmasi K, Laurans F, Arnould O, (2015). Cell wall thickening in developing tension wood of artificially bent poplar trees. IAWA Journal, 36(1) : 44-57 https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-00000084

Dardeau, F., Berthier, A., Feinard-Duranceau, M., Brignolas, F., Laurans, F., Lieutier, F., Salle, A. (2015). Tree genotype modulates the effects of water deficit on a plant-manipulating aphid. Forest Ecology and Management, 353, 118-125. , DOI : 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.05.037

https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/331849

Dardeau, F., Deprost, E., Laurans, F., Lainé, V., Lieutier, F., Sallé, A. (2014). Resistant poplar genotypes inhibit pseudogall formation by the wooly poplar aphid, Phloeomyzus passerinii Sign. Trees, 28 (4), 1007 - 1019. , DOI : 10.1007/s00468-014-1014-1
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/294364

Dardeau, F., Pointeau, S., Ameline, A., Laurans, F., Cherqui, A., Lieutier, F., Salle, A. (2014). Host manipulation by a herbivore optimizes its feeding behaviour. Animal Behaviour, 95, 49 – 56. , DOI : 10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.06.002
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/293470

Yoshinaga, A., Kusumoto, H., Laurans, F., Pilate, G., Takabe, K. (2012). Lignification in poplar tension wood lignified cell wall layers. Tree Physiology (Oxford Academic), 32 (9), 1129-1136. , DOI : 10.1093/treephys/tps075
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/188091

Pointeau, S., Ameline, A., Laurans, F., Salle, A., Rahbé, Y., Bankhead-Dronnet, S., Lieutier, F. (2012). Exceptional plant penetration and feeding upon cortical parenchyma cells by the woolly poplar aphid. Journal of Insect Physiology, 58 (6), 857-866. , DOI : 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.03.008
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/214990

Dejardin, A., Laurans, F., Arnaud, D., Breton, C., Pilate, G., Leplé, J.-C. (2010). Wood formation in Angiosperms. Comptes Rendus. Biologies, 333 (4), 325-334. , DOI : 10.1016/j.crvi.2010.01.010
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/35085

Fichot, R., Barigah, T. S., Chamaillard, S., Le Thiec, D., Laurans, F., Cochard, H., BRIGNOLAS, F. (2010). Common trade-offs between xylem resistance to cavitation and other physiological traits do not hold among unrelated Populus deltoidesx Populus nigra hybrids. Plant, Cell and Environment, 33 (9), 1553-1568. , DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2010.02164.x
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/37607

Serres-giardi, L., Dufour, J., Russell, K., Buret, C., Laurans, F., Santi, F. (2010). Natural triploids of wild cherry. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40 (10), 1951–1961. , DOI : 10.1139/X10-100
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/34190

Fichot, R., Laurans, F., Monclus, R., Moreau, A., Pilate, G., Brignolas, F. (2009). Xylem anatomy correlates with gas exchange, water-use efficiency and growth performance under contrasting water regimes : evidence from Populus deltoides x Populus nigra hybrids. Tree Physiology (Oxford Academic), 29 (12), 1537-1549. , DOI : 10.1093/treephys/tpp087
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/34168

Decou, R., Lhernould, S., Laurans, F., Sulpice, E., Leplé, J.-C., Dejardin, A., Pilate, G., Costa, G. (2009). Cloning and expression analysis of a wood-associated xylosidase gene (ptaBXL1) in poplar tension wood. Phytochemistry, 70 (2), 163-172. , DOI : 10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.12.019
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/35790

Morabito, D., Caruso, A., Carpin, S., Carli, C., Laurans, F., Depierreux, C., Kahlem, G., Label, P. (2006). Cambial activity of Populus tremula x Populus alba clone 717-1B4 in hydroponic culture. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 36 (3), 719-724. , DOI : 10.1139/X05-287
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/8698

Laurans, F., Dejardin, A., Leple, J.-C., Pilate, G. (2006). Physiologie de la formation des parois de fibres de bois. Revue des Composites et des Matériaux Avancés, 16 (1), 25-40.
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/10709

Pervieux, I., Bourassa, M., Laurans, F., Hamelin, R., Séguin, A. (2004). A spruce defensin showing strong antifungal activity and increased transcript accumulation after wounding and jasmonate treatments. Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology, 64 (6), 331-341. , DOI : 10.1016/j.pmpp.2004.09.008
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/39139

Lafarguette, F., Leple, J.-C., Dejardin, A., Laurans, F., Costa, G., Lesage Descauses, M.-C., Pilate, G. (2004). Poplar genes encoding fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins are highly expressed in tension wood. New Phytologist, 164 (1), 107-121. , DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01175.x
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/13715

Pilate, G., Chabbert, B., Cathala, B., Yoshinoga, A., Leple, J.-C., Laurans, F., Lapierre, C., Ruel, K. (2004). Lignification and tension wood. Comptes Rendus. Biologies, 327 (9-10), 889-901. , DOI : 10.1016/j.crvi.2004.07.006
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/19084

Pilate, G., Dejardin, A., Laurans, F., Leple, J.-C. (2004). Tension wood as a model for functional genomics of wood formation. New Phytologist, 164 (1), 63-72. , DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01176.x
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/14345

Laurans, F., Pépin, R., Gay, G. (2001). Fungal auxin overproduction affects the anatomy of Hebeloma cylindrosporum-pinus pinaster ectomycorrhizas. Tree Physiology (Oxford Academic), 21 (8), 533-540. , DOI : 10.1093/treephys/21.8.533
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/37389

Clergeot, P.-H., Gourgues, M., Cots, J., Laurans, F., Latorse, M.-P., Pépin, R., Tharreau, D., Notteghem, J.-L., Lebrun, M.-H. (2001). PLS1, a gene encoding a tetraspanin-like protein, is required for penetration of rice leaf by the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe grisea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98 (12), 6963-6968. , DOI : 10.1073/pnas.111132998
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/38751

Laurans, F., Pilate, G. (1999). Histological aspects of a hypersensitive response in Poplar to Melampsora larici-populina. Phytopathology, 89 (3), 233-238. , DOI : 10.1094/PHYTO.1999.89.3.233
https://prodinra.inra.fr/record/37266