Know more

Our use of cookies

Cookies are a set of data stored on a user’s device when the user browses a web site. The data is in a file containing an ID number, the name of the server which deposited it and, in some cases, an expiry date. We use cookies to record information about your visit, language of preference, and other parameters on the site in order to optimise your next visit and make the site even more useful to you.

To improve your experience, we use cookies to store certain browsing information and provide secure navigation, and to collect statistics with a view to improve the site’s features. For a complete list of the cookies we use, download “Ghostery”, a free plug-in for browsers which can detect, and, in some cases, block cookies.

Ghostery is available here for free:

You can also visit the CNIL web site for instructions on how to configure your browser to manage cookie storage on your device.

In the case of third-party advertising cookies, you can also visit the following site:, offered by digital advertising professionals within the European Digital Advertising Alliance (EDAA). From the site, you can deny or accept the cookies used by advertising professionals who are members.

It is also possible to block certain third-party cookies directly via publishers:

Cookie type

Means of blocking

Analytical and performance cookies

Google Analytics

Targeted advertising cookies


The following types of cookies may be used on our websites:

Mandatory cookies

Functional cookies

Social media and advertising cookies

These cookies are needed to ensure the proper functioning of the site and cannot be disabled. They help ensure a secure connection and the basic availability of our website.

These cookies allow us to analyse site use in order to measure and optimise performance. They allow us to store your sign-in information and display the different components of our website in a more coherent way.

These cookies are used by advertising agencies such as Google and by social media sites such as LinkedIn and Facebook. Among other things, they allow pages to be shared on social media, the posting of comments, and the publication (on our site or elsewhere) of ads that reflect your centres of interest.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses CAS and PHP session cookies and the New Relic cookie for monitoring purposes (IP, response times).

These cookies are deleted at the end of the browsing session (when you log off or close your browser window)

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) uses the XiTi cookie to measure traffic. Our service provider is AT Internet. This company stores data (IPs, date and time of access, length of the visit and pages viewed) for six months.

Our EZPublish content management system (CMS) does not use this type of cookie.

For more information about the cookies we use, contact INRAE’s Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at:

24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal

Home page


September 2012 – June 2020

Towards precision engineering of the plant genome

Partners : 9 partenaires académiques (8 unités INRA – RDP, IGEPP, IJPB, BioForA, IRHS, GAFL, GDEC, GAEL ; CIRAD) et 4 partenaires privés (Biogemma, Germicopa, Pépinières & Roseraies Georges Delbard, Vilmorin)

BioForA staff involved : Marie-Claude Lesage-Descauses, Camille Grand-Perret, Marija Cosic, Orlane Touzet, Mathilde Brunel, Annabelle Déjardin, Gilles Pilate, Françoise Laurans, Véronique Lainé-Prade, Véronique Jorge, Céline Ridel, Adrien Poncet

Funding: ANR – Investissements d’avenir

Budget : 6 millions d’euros

Context :

World agriculture needs to guarantee food security, replace fossil resources, decrease its environmental impact and adapt to a changing global climate. Whereas France and other European countries presently choose to meet the genetic aspect of these challenges by the sole use of breeding, an increasing number of agriculturally important countries enlarge the available gene pool via transgenesis. Despite a certain political concerns transgenesis is already an indispensible technology for French seed companies and public scientists to remain competitive at an international level.

Recent scientific advances in the field of transgenesis now provide answers to certain reserves of citizens and blur the border between breeding and transgenesis. In particular the advent of nuclease technology opens the way to extremely precise modifications of plant genomes at pre-determined sites. In this context it is strategic to ascertain top-level know-how in transgenesis in France, to actively participate in the debate of these new technologies and to demonstrate their applicability in a wide range of crop species.


If successful, the project GENIUS (Genome ENgineering Improvement for Useful plants of a Sustainable agriculture) will provide French researchers and plant breeders with state of the art know-how, the necessary biological material and connected intellectual property rights for precise genome modifications in a variety of crop species, laying the basis for high throughput functional genomics and efficient plant breeding. Proof of concept will concern disease resistance, salt tolerance, plant architecture and quality traits. Studies on the regulatory, economical and philosophical context will complement the experimental work.

To reach these goals, in an unprecedented effort, GENIUS has assembled a consortium of 15 public and private partners – 10 public research units in biological or social sciences with 6 biotechnology and seed companies. This consortium will create synergy between field- or species-oriented entities into a technology-oriented community.

Source :

Illustration :


Longitudinal section of a female flower of Populus nigra  (Photo : F. Laurans)

General information Leaflet

Publications :

Nogué F, Vergne P, Chèvre AM, Chauvin JE, Bouchabké-Coussa O, Déjardin A, Chevreau E, Hibrand-Saint Oyant L, Mazier M, Barret P, Guiderdoni E, Sallaud C, Foucrier S, Devaux P, Rogowsky PM (2019) Crop plants with improved culture and quality traits for food, feed and other uses. Transgenic Research 28:65-73.